Nicklas Karlsson, Electromobility expert at AFRY

A dive into electromobility with Nicklas Karlsson

Insights from AFRY’s electromobility expert

Within the automotive industry, the transformative impact of electromobility technology on vehicle propulsion systems is paramount. Electromobility shifts the paradigm by utilising electric power to drive and control vehicles, steering away from traditional combustion engines.

Nicklas Karlsson, electromobility expert at AFRY
What does the future of electromobility look like?
Nicklas Karlsson, Automotive expert at AFRY specialising in electromobility, shares his vision for the future.

How do you foresee the development of electromobility technologies within the Automotive sector in the coming years?

The importance of charging performance is on the rise, emphasising sustainability in both electric machines and batteries. Recycling requirements, such as the implementation of a battery passport and optimisation of existing technologies, are crucial trends. For heavy-duty vehicles, higher voltage systems and various techniques for shorter charging times are being explored. Electrification is becoming more widespread, extending beyond premium segments, with less emphasis on range and more focus on performance.

How is electrification being integrated across different vehicle types?

In light vehicles, batteries and electric drivetrains have become integral components of each generation's design. For heavy-duty vehicles, modularisation is prominent, facilitating different vehicle configurations to support diverse transportation solutions. Connectivity is integral across all vehicle systems, including batteries and drivetrains, incorporating features like diagnostics, energy optimisation, and smart functions such as haptic accelerators.


Recent advancements in battery systems?

Efficiency has always driven electrification, with gradual optimization toward safer and more energy-efficient batteries while maintaining the same basic chemistry (Li-ion). The anticipated arrival of solid-state batteries is expected to provide more stable and energy-dense options, allowing for longer ranges.

Sustainability is a major focus, covering recycling, raw material production, manufacturing, and alternative cell chemistries.

How do government policies affect electromobility development in vehicles?

Current and future legislation, such as banning combustion vehicles in city centers and initiatives like the "battery passport," aim to enhance the environment and ensure a sustainable battery lifecycle. Acts like the IRA and CRMA have broader economic and security implications, impacting investments in electromobility technologies.

What challenges do you currently see in the electromobility technologies industry, and how can these challenges be overcome?

Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for energy storage is critical for user cost-effectiveness. New chemistries and advanced battery monitoring systems are necessary. Infrastructure expansion is essential for practical electric vehicle use, especially for those without home charging capabilities. Despite a significant decrease in battery costs, electric vehicles struggle to compete on price.

TCO remains a paramount concern, coupled with sustainable battery usage over its lifetime. Enhancements in battery recycling technologies are imperative.

Nicklas charging his car

How can electromobility technologies contribute to reducing the environmental impact associated with vehicles?

Given that transportation contributes significantly to climate impact, with road vehicles playing a substantial role, electrification becomes a crucial piece of the puzzle. Electrification not only addresses climate concerns but also offers a cleaner and quieter local environment.

How does AFRY collaborate with other stakeholders in the industry to promote electromobility technologies?

AFRY engages primarily through its diverse range of assignments with major automotive manufacturers in Sweden, offering services in design, technical expertise, calculations, sustainability analyses, market research, and more. We also support educational initiatives at universities and colleges, welcoming students for thesis work in the field of electromobility.

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